Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITB Syndrome) is a common overuse injury that often affects runners and can cause pain on the outside of the knee. It is caused by inflammation of the iliotibial band, a thick band of fibrous tissue that runs along the outside of the leg from the hip to the knee. This inflammation can result in friction against bony prominences, leading to pain and discomfort.


  1. Cause of Pain: The IT band helps stabilize your hip and knee during running. If it gets too tight or overworked, it can rub against the knee, causing inflammation and pain, typically felt while running and worsening with ongoing activity.
  2. Risk Factors: Factors like ramping up mileage too fast, running on uneven surfaces, weak glutes, tight hips, and improper shoes can increase the risk of IT Band Syndrome.
  3. Treatment Steps: The key treatments include resting (pausing your running routine), applying ice to reduce swelling, and doing stretches for the hip flexors and IT band. Strengthening exercises for the glutes, hamstrings, and quads can also be beneficial.
  4. Addressing the Root Causes: It's crucial to look into and correct any issues with your running form or shoes. Gradually increase your running distance to avoid overuse.
  5. Prevention Strategies: To prevent IT Band Syndrome, warm up properly, cool down, stretch regularly, and strengthen any weak muscles. Be mindful of your footwear and try to run on even surfaces.

In summary, IT Band Syndrome is a common issue for runners, stemming from inflammation due to overuse or certain risk factors. Treatment involves rest, ice, stretching, and strengthening, with prevention focusing on proper warm-up, cool-down, and addressing running form and footwear.


IT Band Syndrome is a common overuse injury that often affects runners and can cause pain on the outside of the knee. The main symptom of ITB Syndrome is pain on the outside of the knee, which can be sharp or aching, and often comes on after activity. Other symptoms may include a clicking or rubbing feeling on the side of the knee, pain that increases with activity, and pain that spreads up the thigh into the hip. The pain may become nearly unbearable during activity, and the earlier you seek treatment, the sooner you can get back to your normal routine. ITB Syndrome can be caused by a variety of factors, including poor foot and ankle control, excessive running in the same direction on a track, greater-than-normal weekly mileage, downhill running, and incorrect sporting equipment. To treat ITB Syndrome, runners can consider rest, cross-training, stretching and strengthening exercises, proper footwear, and physical therapy. It's essential to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan if you experience ITB Syndrome.